The documents on this site are “copyleft” Gordon
Rugg, Keele University.
The folder “software version” contains text produced using
software which implements some of the features of the manual version of
I am grateful to Dr Jonathan Knight for producing this software.
Please note that the software version is subject to the following caveats.
• Word length does not reduce from left to right of line.
• There are no systematic restrictions on which characters can co-occur.
• All lines are ten words long.
• The vocabulary is restricted – in particular, “daiin”
and various other short words do not occur.
• There are no labels.